The Theory
of the Socio-Economic Formations


the Author


Translation into any language  is possible here
( )


 Draft for discussion and joint refinement



 In the course of studying social problems during the philosophic-economic seminar at the Belarusian public association "Sobriety - the Optimalist" (Minsk, 2017-2019), its participants came to the belief that the cause of crimes, economic crises, wars and social revolutions, which destroy the foundations of states and the prospects for humanity, is UNFAIRNESS in the relations of people; the elimination of this unfairness, with all the resulting evils, is POSSIBLE ONLY BY FAIRNESS!!

But what is this "FAIRNESS" so many people have been striving to establish in the World for ages? Try looking up this question on the Internet. When doing a search on June 10th, 2018 on Fairness is (translators note: searched in Russian ), Yandex reported: "68 million results found, and Google reported: "About 43,900,000 results". And every day these figures change.

How, in this volume of verbose, non-concrete and often contradictory notions about fairness, can we achieve fairness in real relations of people who are embittered by unfairness and wars, financial crises and the modern pandemic?

We are proposing to jointly develop such a definition for the concept of "FAIRNESS", the rationality of which could be consciously comprehended and accepted by all Homo sapiens; and which could be de jure optimally regulated in each state and de facto fairly implemented in all public relations.

Having worked through the information in the dictionaries, encyclopedias, "The Theory of Fairness" by John Rawl, and taking into account the attainments of the philosophic-economic seminars of the BPO "Sobriety - the Optimalist", we offer the following draft (as of 23.05.2020) of the public concept "Fairness" - to continue working on it together.


FAIRNESS is the highest principle in people's relations as the most important result of socio-philosophical thought, moral, legal and political social[1] consciousness. Above fairness there can only be mercy[2] .

In public relations of people, fairness lies in the conscious, meaningful, convinced recognition by ALL for EVERY INDIVIDUAL:

1) the right to unhindered activity and usage of all those (and ONLY those!) benefits that such activity brings in the individual and joint work of able-bodied people, based on the following moral and legislative limitations: to not violate the same right of others, to not harm people, society, the planet and the Universe;

2) as well as the right to adequate public assistance (from relatives and other people, work unions, public organizations and government bodies of the country, international charity and various other organizations) - in cases where the results of the individuals work are not sufficient for meeting their natural needs, such as: medical care, adequate food and clothing, equipped housing, education for developing their abilities and the abilities of their children (based on the objective necessity and scientifically sound norms).

II. From this definition, in a systematic, related and necessary way it follows that:

(a) A developed society in which fairness is recognized as the main principle, must de jure guarantee by the laws of the country and by sound property taxes (in the amount necessary for society to ensure fair and reliable public protection of property rights), as well as de facto ensure by the apparatus of its State the implementation of fairness for all and for every individual in all public relations;

b) The right of people to inherit or receive the gift of other people's work (property) of value beyond what is necessary for them (in principle fully defined in paragraph 2 above), regardless of how these people were related, in a fair society should be thoroughly regulated by scientifically sound taxes with the goal of ever approaching fairness, and in the long run excluded.

III. Fairness for all and every one can be achieved fully in states as well as in interstate relations, as long as the main goal of states and humanity becomes creating the best conditions for all people on the Earth and ensuring equality of opportunities for every individual (simply based on the fact of being born a human being!) to develop their benevolent abilities.

Only under this condition, the system of every state and of the social organization of all humanity will be able to achieve a state of optimal equilibrium (Nash[3] equilibrium) among all its system-forming elements.

Then (and only then!) all the people on the planet will receive true equality of opportunities for the full development of their benevolent potential; and any unfairness in society, in case of its somehow unregulated manifestation, will always self-correct in every generation of people.

And then the task of the universal organization of fair public relations of people and all humanity on planet Earth as the Community of Homo sapiens (people of reason) with a prosperous common future, will be a realistically close prospect.[4]

How, without violence, only by appealing to the minds of people, to eliminate on Earth the economic root cause of crime and wars, alcoholism and drug addiction, to build in each of the states a SYSTEM of optimally fair social relations, most beneficial for every person, their state and all humanity - we already know and want to convey to our country, and to all of Humanity with a clear theoretical justification, as well as in the form of 12 video lectures from the collectively probed course The Way out of Crisis has been Found. Will we have time to get out? (see Together we will solve the most important problems!


Evgenij Dovgel, Minsk, Belarus,

and Olga Dovgel, Interpreter, supporter and daughter of the author



[1] "For a man having more than he needs is not needed. And if there is extra, it is necessary to help people with this extra. Above fairness there can only be mercy." M.N. Zadornov (1948 - 2017) -- Soviet and Russian satirist, playwright, humorist, actor and philanthropist.

[2] MERCY - compassionate, benevolent, caring, loving attitude towards another person; the opposite of indifference, cruelty, malevolence, hostility, violence. In Christian culture, mercy achieves moral fullness when it is embodied in actions aimed not only at satisfying the interests of others, but also based on the individual's quest for perfection.

[3] "Nash equilibrium" - the famous mathematician John Nash (1928- 2015), Nobel laureate in economics in 1994, awarded "For the analysis of equilibrium in the theory of non-cooperative games" - here is understood as such optimal state of the social system, in which each person gets the most opportunities for their full development, the longest duration of full quality existence and leaves the most positive memory of themselves for humanity for many centuries.

[4] "Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, its the only thing that ever has." Margaret Mead (1901-1978) , anthropologist, sociologist.



"There will come a time when our descendants will be amazed that we did not know things that are so plain to them".

Lucius Annaeus Seneca,
the 1 st century BC



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